31 July 2014

Scrapple Nirvana . . . Almost

It has been 39 years since I enjoyed scrapple as much as I did today.  Thirty-nine!  My Grandmother, Catherine Louise (STARR) KRIEBEL passed away too soon in 1975; I was twelve, and until today, I haven’t had scrapple that has measured up to the memory of my family’s scrapple recipe . . . well, sort of.

See, a couple of things have been ‘against’ my enjoying scrapple as I did in my youth:

  1. There are many variations of the recipe – as many people there are in the world, that is how many different recipes there seemingly are for scrapple.  And, none taste quite like my family’s recipe.
  2. Grocery store-bought and massed produced scrapple should be left . . . on the scrap heap!
  3. For me to have scrapple that even comes remotely close to what I enjoyed as a child, my Dad must bring blocks – that’s right blocks! – of it down several times a year from Pennsylvania Amish country.  It still isn’t quite like my family’s recipe, but, it is closer.
  4. As I mentioned, I was just 12 when my Grandmother passed away and I didn’t know yet that genealogy, family history and the preservation of family recipes and memorabilia would become a passion!  So, it never occurred to me to ask and ensure that my family’s scrapple  recipe be preserved.  Nor, the recipe for the condiment of choice (Green Tomato Relish) to serve with the crispy-fried scrapple slices.  And, while I have asked over the past 27, of the 39, years all family members that were involved with pig butchering day for the recipe, it would seem that it is . . . lost.  Crying face

CONFESSION TIME:  Every fall, when my uncle brought 2 – 3 slaughtered pigs from his farm to my Grandparent’s home in Schwenksville, Pennsylvania, we all gathered for a day of butchering; my Grandparents, their children, Carolyn; Richard; Barbara; and Gerry and their respective spouses John; Janet; Durrell; and Jerry and their children would all descend into the basement of the KRIEBEL home.  Well, all except the grandchildren – we had more important things to do. . . PLAY!  So, I never witnessed the process or how the scrapple was made.  Yet, because of my love for my Grandparents and family and because I so enjoyed the fruits of their labor – scrapple, sausage, bacon and . . . oh, my!  I have very fond and treasured memories* of pig butchering days.  Pictures you ask?  I have seen pictures that my Grandmother took of the process,  but just like the recipes, they seem to be lost to me forever.

*hopefully, as family members read this, they will share their memories of pig butchering day in the comments.

Okay, so how did I accidentally achieve scrapple nirvana?  Before I get into that, let’s discuss what scrapple is.  I must say, until I grew up, married and moved from Pennsylvania, I thought that scrapple was a universal food product much like bacon and sausage, it never occurred to me that scrapple – and, what it is – wouldn’t be as well known in other locals.

After a pig is butchered, there is lots of stuff leftover – scraps, including internal organs and intestines - no, no, don’t be scared, when it all comes together, it tastes really good!!  For scrapple these scraps are cooked down into a stew, ground up with the other leftover bits of meat and combined with cornmeal for texture.  The mixture is then cooled down into a loaf, sliced and griddled to serve.  It is most often served for breakfast with eggs and potatoes.  Essentially, you are eating a pork burger with your breakfast.

My passion for genealogy and family history, recipes and memorabilia really blossomed in my late teens and became an addiction after our first child was born in 1988.  I am forever reminiscing about my ancestors, grandparents, my childhood and bygone days.  And, when I get together with fellow Pennsylvanians, scrapple and green tomato relish and how I just can’t find a brand or Amish produced product that measures up to the ‘taste memory’ that I have always seems to come up.  One such conversation some years ago, prompted the father of a dear friend to write down his family’s recipe for scrapple and share it with me.  Here it is . . . (yes, you must continue reading to learn about my nirvana experience.  Smile with tongue out

(1) Cut heads four ways to remove tongue, eyes, ears and also saw off teeth.  Scrape tongue and ears in the hot water to remove hair, then put into tub for pudding meat.

(2) (for pudding) Cook head meat, hearts and kidneys, put in kettle about 10 gallons of water and two handfuls of salt then cook till meat falls from bones, add livers approximately 10 minutes before removing meat from kettle. Juice is saved for scrapple.

(3) Pick the head meat apart while hot, add about 3 medium onions and grind all together with cracklings.  Put about 10 gallons of water in a #2 kettle to cook pudding in, after water comes to boil, cook about 20 minutes, but not too hard a boil as it will burst skins

(4) Using the pudding water, add pig head, juice, season with salt and pepper, add enough water to bring about 6” from top of kettle, add slowly 1-1/2 pounds of yellow corn meal to a batch using about 12 – 15 pounds of buckwheat flour, sprinkle in slowly with hand so it will not lump, stirring continuously.  Bring to a rolling boil and if necessary add 3 – 6 pounds of new lard, so it shows around the edge of kettle.  Boil for about 10 minutes then remove from fire, but continue stirring for about 4 – 5 minutes more.

There are many ways to enjoy scrapple:  with molasses, maple syrup, apple butter, cottage cheese . . . but my Grandmother served it with green tomato relish.  For years, 39, to be exact, I have eaten scrapple plain, which is okay, but . . . I loved it with Grandmom’s relish.  While I have tried store-bought and Amish handmade green tomato relish from all over Pennsylvania and various other locals, none measure up to Grandmom’s recipe.  None!  Mostly because they are all too sweet.  Grandmom’s green tomato relish recipe had just the right ratio of sweet and vinegar – more vinegar - which goes well with the scrapple.  But today, I have had an epiphany that just may have changed my scrapple eating experience for my remaining days . . .

After frying up the ubiquitous Pennsylvania German breakfast of fried scrapple, home fries and eggs, my husband and I sat down at the table for our Saturday breakfast meal.  And,suddenly I had an idea.  I said to my husband, “we have Banana Pepper slices in the refrigerator, I wonder how they would taste with scrapple?”  “It isn’t green tomato relish but, they are jarred in vinegar and an added bonus is that they have a bit of a spicy bite.”  We both said, “hmmm?”  Off to the refrigerator for that jar.  I  piled a couple of slices onto my fried scrapple, gathered a bite-sized piece with a pepper or two and . . . heaven!  Well, sort of.  It wasn’t Grandmom’s relish, I will always miss that, but, it is the only thing in all these years that has even come close to her perfect condiment.

Now, we always have banana peppers in the refrigerator, so please, please tell me, why on earth, did it take 39 years for me to have this epiphany and almost nirvana experience with scrapple heaven?!!!

Now, I know that you are still not too sure about scrapple; you just can’t get passed what goes into it, but consider this.  Scrapple is no longer just a by-product of pig butchering and waste not, want not.  No, really, it has moved up the food chain to seriously good eats!  It has been featured on the Food Network Channel by celebrity chefs. It has been making appearances in restaurants and it is featured at Pennsylvania German and Dutch festivals..

Speaking of restaurants, I recently learned that my hometown peeps have been holding out on me – what’s up with that Chris? – A new restaurant, Greenheart Café, has appeared on the scene in Collegeville, Pennsylvania and was featured in the Times Herald Newspaper in March of this year.  From what I’ve read, they’ve elevated scrapple to gourmet . . . a featured dish on their menu is their Poutine – hand cut French fries with crispy scrapple, freshly made brown gravy, creamy fontina cheese and fresh herbs.  Yes, please!!

So, if you’ve never had scrapple, I encourage you to try it; if you’ve had scrapple and enjoy it, I encourage you to share how you enjoy eating it; if you enjoy scrapple and your family made their own recipe, I encourage you to share what made the recipe uniquely your family’s.  And, I encourage us all to try the elevated and gourmet scrapple dishes that are making appearances on the Food Network Channel, in restaurants and at German and Dutch festivals and to share your culinary experiences. 

For those that may visit Collegeville, Pennsylvania, located in Montgomery County just 1-1/2 hours northeast of Philadelphia, I hope that you’ll visit the Greenheart Café and let me know how you liked the poutine.  And, if you enjoy festivals, I hope you’ll visit the 25th Annual Pennsylvania Dutch Festival next week Thursday, 7 August – Saturday, 9 August 2014; click on the German and Dutch Festivals hyper link above for information.

04 July 2014

Land Records; Deeds - An Introduction


An online genea pal familiar with my current research of the LINDSEYs and the goal to prove / disprove a relationship between Edwin Galloway LINDSEY, my third great grandfather and Archibald LINDSEY, the man I believe to be Edwin’s father and my fourth great grandfather, recently sent a document – a deed – that she had come across for Archibald LINDSEY.  I hope all of you have genea pals that you collaborate with; they are a Godsend! 

After days of searching for  . . . anything on Archi and his family and coming across leads only to have them either dead-end, dry up, or, add to the labirynth of confusion that I was already trying to navigate, I threw up my hands in frustration, and whined - yes, whined - on one of the FaceBook groups that I belong to about my frustration and that Archi had induced a migraine.  The following morning I had an email from my genea pal with a record attached that was for an Archibald LINDSEY.  And, she hoped that it was for my migraine inducing Archi.  BINGO!  Not only was it for my Archi, but it helped prove who Archi’s last wife was – Hannah. 

“The Lindsays of America,” by Margaret Isabella Lindsay, notes that Archi was married three times.1  While a typed double-spaced paper included in the supporting documents submitted with the 1953 DAR lineage application states, “Who his three wives were, I have not found out.”2 

Wives (2)

However my LINDSEY cousin recently sent me a scanned copy of the Michigan Return of Deaths, Bay County (West Bay City) which recorded the death of Archi’s daughter, Nancy S (LINDSEY) Orton, and listed her parents as Archibald and Isbel LINDSEY.3  

1878 - Michigan Deaths - Nancy Lindsey

So I now have the given names of two, of the three, of Archi’s wives.

To this point, in all my research, I have been kept busy by looking for and collecting the obvious source documents – birth, marriage, divorce, death - however, I know that there is a treasure trove of source documents out there that go beyond the traditional vital records.  These non-traditional records sets potentially contain a wealth of genealogical gold – given names, surnames, family members, who is married to who, etc.  So, I was looking forward to learning what this deed on Archi contained, so I dove – head first – right in and began transcribing.  Did I mention that Archi tends to induce migraines? 

This deed was handwritten, it was 2-1/2 pages long, it was written without punctuation and in one single and very long run-on paragraph.  Yikes, my heard hurts!  Most of the words I could make out; some I couldn’t, but at the end of it. . .  while I could read what it said; I absolutely did not comprehend what it said.  Lord, help me.

Okay, it was time to see what resources I could find, that were on a 5th-grade level (easier for me to understand) that would help me learn and understand, I hoped, what I was looking at.  I started with Crista Cowan, the Barefoot Genealogist, surely she had something in her presentation library on land records.  I wasn’t disappointed, I found Introduction to Using Land Records for Family History out on the ancestry.com YouTube Channel and FamilySearch.org had Pennsylvania Research: Land Records: Field of Dreams in its educational series.  While my LINDSEY research is predominately in New York right now, I didn’t think it would hurt to watch familysearch.org’s presentation on Pennsylvania Land Records – I imagined that while locals may change, that where to look and ultimately find the records you are looking for, will not be that much different location to location.

Note: Both video presentations were introductory and at a basic 101 level; very easy to understand.  Thank you guys – I walked away headache free.  Thumbs up


  • Appurtenance: An accessory or any other item associated with a particular activity or style of living; accessories, trappings, equipment
  • Assigns: Individuals to whom property is, will, or maybe transferred by conveyance, will or statute
  • Bargain: Negotiate the terms and conditions of a transaction
  • Deed: A legal document that is signed and delivered, especially one regarding the ownership of property or legal rights
  • Encumbrance: A mortgage or other charge on property or asset
  • Execute: To sign and otherwise complete a document, such as acknowledging the signature if required to make the document valid; to finish, complete, or perform as required, as in fulfilling one’s obligations under a contract
  • Grantee: An individual to whom a transfer of property is made
  • Grantor: An individual who transfers ownership of property
  • Hereditament: Any item of property, either a corporeal Hereditament (such as land or a building) or an incorporeal hereditament (such as rent or a right of way); an item of inheritance
  • Indefeasible: Not able to be lost, annulled or overturned
  • Indenture: A formal legal agreement, contract or document
  • Metes and Bounds: The boundary lines of land, with their terminal points and angles.  A way of describing land by listing the compass directions and distances of the boundaries. 

Measurements – Metes and Bounds

1 Rod, Perch, or Pole = 25 Links = 16.5 Feet
4 Rods = 1 Chain
1 Chain = 4 Rods = 66 Feet = 100 Links
1 Link = 7.92 Inches
25 Links = 1 Rod = 16.5 Feet

Warren County, 1827 (page 112 – 113) – starts mid-page 112


Pages 112 - 113

(page 114) deed’s last paragraph at the top

record-image (1)

Page 114

This indenture made the 11th day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-seven between Archibald LINDSEY and Hannah, his wife, of the town of Luzerne and county of Warren of the first part and Jeremy Rockwell of the town of Hadley and County of Saratoga of the second part witnesseth that the said party of the first part for and in consideration of the sum of three hundred forty-one dollars and twenty-six cents lawful money of the United States of America to him in hand paid [illegible] as before the exchange and delivery of these presents by the said party of the second part the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged and the said party of the second part his heir executor and administrator forever released and discharged from the same by these presents has granted [illegible] and [illegible] confirmed and by these presents doth grant [illegible] unto the said party of the second part and to his heirs and [illegible] forever the one equal and undivided half of all that certain farm or parcel of land [illegible] lying and being with town of Luzerne with the county of Warren with patent of [illegible] within log no. three with subdivision of lot no. thirteen beginning at the northeast corner of lot of land surveyed for Elijah Buttolph with east line of the twenty-fourth alottment of said patent at the distance of one chain and twenty-six links from the place where the said line strikes the bank of the Hudson River and running thence north eighty-nine degrees east sixty-eight chains and twenty-one links to the east line of the said lot no. three thence north two degrees west seventeen chains and ninety links along the said line of lot no. three [illegible] eighty [illegible] degrees west forty-seven chains and sixty links to the [illegible] side of Hudson River thence along down the east side of said river to the place where the east line [illegible] of the said twenty-fourth allotment of the said river thence along the said line last mentioned to the place of [illegible] one hundred and six and a half acres of land together with all and [illegible] the tenements [illegible] and appurtenances whatsoever unto the said above mentioned and described premises in anyway operating or belonging [illegible] and also all the estate rights title interests [illegible] and rights of [illegible] property [illegible] claim and delivered whatsoever as well with law [illegible] equity of the said party of the first part of [illegible] as to the same and every part and parcel thereof with the appurtenances to have and to hold the above granted [illegible] and described premises with the appurtenances unto the said party of the second part his heirs and [illegible] to his [illegible] proper use and [illegible] forever [illegible] deed the said party of the first part himself heirs executors and administrators doth covenant grant powers and agree to deed with the said party of the second part his heirs and [illegible] that he the said party of the first part at the time of the closing and delivery of these presents is lawfully [illegible] of a good absolute and [illegible] estate of [illegible] fee [illegible] and [illegible] all and [illegible] The above granted [illegible] described premises with the appurtenances and [illegible] rights free power and lawful authority to grant bargain sell and [illegible] the same with [illegible] manner and [illegible] of [illegible] and that the said party of the second part his heirs and [illegible] shall and may at all times hereafter peaceably and quietly have hold use [illegible] enjoy the above granted premises and every part thereof with the [illegible]  Without any [illegible] molestation eviction or disturbances of the said party of the first part his heirs or [illegible] or any other person or persons lawfully claiming as to claim the same and that the same now are free clear discharged and unencumbered of and from all former and other grants titles charges estates judgments taxes [illegible] and [illegible] of what nature as [illegible] and also the said party of the first part and his heirs and all and every other [illegible] as [illegible] whatsoever lawfully as equitably [illegible] any estate rights title or interest of [illegible] as to the [illegible] Therein before granted premises by law [illegible] as  [illegible] trust for [illegible] shall and will at any time or times hereafter upon the reasonable request and at the proper cost and charges in the law of the said party of the second part his heirs and [illegible] make do and execute as [illegible] as [illegible] to be made [illegible] and executed and all and every such further and other said fee and reasonable acts [illegible] the law for the better and more [illegible] and [illegible] the premises hereby [illegible] to be granted [illegible] the said party of second part his heirs as [illegible] his [illegible] the law shall reasonably be devised advised as required and the said Archibald Lindsey his heirs the above described and hereby granted and released premises and every part thereof with the [illegible] unto the said party of the second part his heirs and [illegible] against the said party of the first part and his heirs and against all persons whomsoever lawfully claiming as to claim the same shall and will warrant and by these presents forever defend [illegible] the parties to these presents have [illegible] and seals the day and year first above written Archibald Lindsey Hannah Lindsey sealed and delivered in presence of us the [illegible] the [illegible] equal undivided half of [illegible] between the seventh and eighth lines before signing [illegible] State of New York [illegible] I do certify that on the eleventh day of June in the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-seven personally appeared before me George P Cronkite [illegible] for the [illegible] the acknowledgements of deeds of the County of Warren Archibald Lindsey and Hannah his wife known to me to be the same person described in and who executed the written deed and the said Archibald Lindsey before me acknowledged that he had executed the same as his act and deed and the said Hannah having been by me privately examined apart from her said husband acknowledged that she had freely executed the same and finding no material [illegible] as [illegible] therein - except the one noted prior to the execution of the said deed do allow the same to be recorded taken and acknowledged this 11th day [illegible] 1827 before me. George P Cronkite [illegible] I certify the proceeding to be a true record of the original deed with the acknowledgement thereof once examined and compared with the record [illegible] this 20th day of June AD 1829 at 1 o'clock pm.
Thomas Archibald Clerk.4

Okay, other than their names and a few other bits, I didn’t understand a word of that!  What I did get is that Archi and his wfie, Hannah on 11 June 1827 entered into a contract to transfer ownership of the property over to Jeremy Rockwell.  The property was surveyed and using the Metes and Bounds measurements was described in the deed.  Mr. Rockwell was purchasing the land from Archi and Hanna LINDSEY for the sum of $341.26 lawful United States currency.*

* Interesting bit of trivia:  According to this Inflation Calculator $341.26 United States (1827) currency would be worth $7,936.28 today; however, if we took $341.00 United States (2014) currency back in time to 1827, our money would have only been worth . . . $14.67.  Ouch!!

Also noteworthy was that a patent was mentioned, but the specifics were illegible; it would seem that neither Archi nor Hannah could write – they signed the deed with their mark; the deed was reviewed and certified to be a true record of the original on 20 June 1829.  And, lastly, the property, as noted in the deed, was surveyed by Mr. Elijah Buttolph.*

The deed was reviewed and certified to be a true record of the original on 20 June 1829 . . . that’s two years, plus a few days, later.  Why?  Initially mortgaged in 1827 and paid in full in 1829?  Did they even do that then?  Hmmm, I need to consult Google.

*F A N (Friends, Acquaintances, and Neighbors Note: Elijah Buttolph, according to a number of census records was Archi’s and Hannah’s neighbor.

Reference the patent, after watching the tutorials mentioned above, I believe that the patent should be on file . . . somewhere and that it should contain information on who originally owned the land and who Archi purchased it from.  I just need to figure out what the deed tells me about the patent – currently I am not having any luck making it out.  But, this is a deed signed by the grantor (Archibald and Hannah LINDSEY), I think I need to look up the record (the deed) that was signed by the grantee, Mr. Jeremy Rockwell – maybe that record will be a little easier to decipher . . . okay, one can hope can’t they?

Did I miss anything?

While I dove head first into transcribing the deed, I feel as though I only dipped my big toe into this new record set, do any of you have recommendations on where I can learn more?  Keep in mind, 5th grade level is optimum (or lower Smile with tongue out); what about a Land Records for Dummies book? – that certainly would be my speed.  Have any of you blogged about land records?  How to use them?  How to understand them?  I would love to read them.  Hopefully you’ve followed the KISS (keep it simple stupid) method, I will be able to understand it better.  LOL!  Honestly, I am not joking!!

And, while I work on getting myself better acquainted with land records, do any of you know why this deed was written and signed by Archi and Hannah in 1827, but not reviewed and certified until 1829?  Is there something – genealogically – that two year+ span is telling me?  Where can I find the patents?  Note, I will be going back over those two videos mentioned above, I believe the Family Search video gave some great information on where patents can be found, and Lord knows, I am a slow study, so the more I review them, the more the information will sink in.  Or, at least that’s my hope.


  1. Margaret Isabel Lindsay, The Lindsays of America (1889; Reprint,Westminster, Maryland: Heritage Books, Inc, 2008), 141
  2. Membership Application, Frances E Whitney, 336908, National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, DAR Administration Building, Washington, DC
  3. “Michigan, Deaths, 1867-1897,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11628-35989-58?cc=1452402 : accessed 1 July 2014), Nancy S Orton, 16 January 1878; citing page 50-51, West Bay City, Bay County, Michigan, Department of Vital Records, Lansing; FHL Microfilm 2363666
  4. “New York, Land Records, 1630-1975,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32578-539-44?cc=2078654 : accessed 4 July 2014), Warren > Deeds 1826-1831 vol D-E > image 358 of 572; citing County Clerk, County Courthouse

23 June 2014

LINDSEY–Connecting the Dots; Beginning the Process


*Image Note:  For ease of viewing, click any image to enlarge

The posted links above document my journey in researching my LINDSEY ancestors.  And, hallelujah!  I believe I am making progress in connecting the dots, eh hmmm, the LINDSEYS, with the goal of all dots coming together in the shape of a family tree at the end.

Having traced the direct lineage from myself to my third Great Grandfather, Edwin Galloway LINDSEY, my current LINDSEY research is to prove or disprove the direct lineage from Edwin to his father, Archibald LINDSEY.
I am plodding my way through a large amount of circumstantial evidence; evidence with no source citations, and yet, it had to come from somewhere.  So, to this point, I’ve read and reviewed all that I have and, I have taken notes on the various clues as to where I might look for primary documents and source information that might help in substantiating the information I have or to disprove it.  I have begun the process of seeking out / ordering the documents that may hold the information I seek and in the interim, I’ve begun piecing together a working theory.

So, let’s play connect the dots.

The book “The Lindsays of America” by Margaret Isabella Lindsay says this about Archibald LINDSEY . . .

“Archibald LINDSEY married three times and left numerous family behind him . . . The names of Archibald LINDSEY’s sons and daughters are:  Benjamin, Cyrus, Kiliab, Eliakim, Luke, E Galloway, Isabel, Polly, Achseh, and Nancy LINDSEY.” (page 141)

And, has this to say about my third Great Grandfather. . .  “. . . E Galloway married Amerilla Skinner of Glens Falls, New York, 27 January 1828 . . . Issue:  W I LINDSEY; Isabel, the eldest daughter married a Mr. Church; Polly married Mr. Elijah Buttles; Nancy married Mr. Thomas Orton; Achseh married Mr. Ebenezer Beebe; Peggy married Mr. Randall.” (page 142)

On the 1953 approved DAR application the following children were listed as the children of the revolutionary war ancestor, Archibald LINDSEY. . .

Spouse: Abigail Moore
Spouse:  Sarah Finch


Spouse: Eleanor Loop



E Galloway
Spouse: Amerilla Skinner

Spouse: Mr. Church

Spouse: Elijah Buttles

Spouse: Ebenezer Beebe

Spouse: Mr. Orton

Spouse: Mr. Randall
Source:  Margaret Isabella Lindsay, The Lindsays of America, (1889; Reprint,Westminster, Maryland: Heritage Books, Inc., 2008), pages 141 - 142

Okay, I encourage each of you to go back and review those quoted paragraphs and the names of Archibald’s children and their spouses and compare them with the names of E Galloway’s children with Amerilla (Skinner) and their spouses. 

Here, maybe this will make it easier. . .
(remember to click on the image for a larger view)

Children comparison

What are the odds that not only did Edwin Galloway name his children after his siblings, but they ALL (his siblings AND his children) married spouses with the same names?

This is just one, in my opinion, glaring instance where the research for the 1953 DAR application fell short.  IF they had just used the FAN method (Family, Associates and Neighbors) and not just looked at the direct lineage between Archibald LINDSEY and the applicant, but also looked at Archi’s family in its entirety, they might have caught this.  I don’t know . . . yet, the information may not be in error, it’s possible that Edwin’s children - named after his siblings - did indeed marry cousins of the same name.  But, this begs for further investigation.

I realize that our ancestors didn’t have a book or books of ‘trending’ given names like we do today, but seriously, this business of naming your children the same name more than once, and over and over and over again, within the same family and throughout each successive generation is . . . well . . . just confusing and ripe with possible error.  Can I get an AMEN?!!!

As we go through this, it will seem as though I am all over the map, but honestly, there is a method to my madness; specifically the F A N method (as described above). And, because I’ve decided to keep researching while I await the documents ordered.

As discussed previously, two descendants; a 2x Great Granddaughter and 4x Great Granddaughter submitted applications to DAR and were ultimately approved for membership. After finding no supporting source documents cited on the applications, I next ordered the applicants’ complete documentation files; the specific contents of which can be found here  - Archibald LINDSEY-Who?  What?  Where is the Source? While the file was still short on source citations and documents it did yield further information and clues as to where to look for sources and source information.

The earliest information on Archibald LINDSEY is the information that he “assisted in the establishment of American Independence during the War of the Revolution while acting in the capacity of Private in Captain Ephraim Jenning’s Company, Colonel David Wells’ Regiment.”
Source:  Membership Application, Frances E Whitney, National Number 336908, National Society Daughter’s of the American Revolution, Daughter’s of the American Revolution Library, Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, DC

Archibald is said to have enlisted 22 September 1777 and to have been discharged 18 October 1777; service on expedition to Northern Department.

Archibald Lindsey - Massachusetts Soldiers and SailorsSource: Wright & Potter Printing Co., State Printers, Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War (Boston, Massachusetts 1902), Page 827, Digital Images, Internet Archive (http://archive.org/stream/massachusettssolklsumass#page/827/mode/1up : accessed 16 June 2014)

Eliab Lindsey - Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors

“The Lindsays of America” Records Eliphat, Jeduthan, and Eliab LINDSEY as being Archibald’s brothers.  In email discussions with my LINDSEY ‘cousin,’ it was mentioned that Eliab LINDSEY had served in the same regiment as Archibald during the Revolutionary War.  Looking again to, “The Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors,” I find the listings for both Eliab and Eliphalet LINDSEY.

Eliphalet Lindsey - Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors

Eliphalet (Eliphat) LINDSEY assisted in Establishing American independence, while acting in the capacity of Private, Captain Isaac Newton’s Co., Col. S. Murray’s Regt.; enlisted 29 July 1780; discharged 10 October 1780; service, 2 months 21 days, including 9 days (172 miles) travel home; regiment raised in Hampshire County, Massachusetts to reinforce Continental Army for 3 months.

Source: Wright & Potter Printing Co., State Printers, Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War (Boston, Massachusetts 1902), Page 8279, Digital Images, Internet Archive (http://archive.org/stream/massachusettssolklsumass#page/827/mode/1up : accessed 16 June 2014)

I do have a spelling problem; in the book, “The Lindsays of America,” we have the given name Eliphat.  In the “Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors,” the spelling of the given name is Eliphalet.  My working theory at this point, is that Eliphalet LINDSEY is Archibald’s brother, Eliphat. CAUTION:  That is all it is, a theory; much more research required.

While “The Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors” provided no source citations for the information contained within its covers, it does say “All names are given exactly as they appear on the original records.” 

Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors

Now, I know that it is dangerous to presume, but . . . I presume, this means that somewhere in Massachusetts there are original documents for Archibald, Eliab, and Eliphalet LINDSEY and their respective regiments.  I need to contact the New England Historic Genealogy Society; fingers crossed.

Also, the regiment that Eliphalet is said to have served in caught my attention due to it having been established in Hamshire County Massachusetts.  On page 141 of “The Lindsays of America,” Archibald LINDSEY is said to have moved with his family to Attica, New York from South Hadley, Hampshire County, Massachusetts.  And, the 1953 DAR application cites the same information and “The Lindsays of America” by Margaret Isabella Lindsay as the source.

I have been able to track Archibald LINDSEY and his family in New York, but other than the information on his state of origin, Massachusetts, provided in “The Lindsays of America” and in the Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors, I currently have no primary source documents to support that one way or the other.  I will continue to work my way back in time to connect the dots.

Census Records . . .

1.   Children: While both the “Lindsays of America” and the 1953 DAR application provided the names of Archi’s children, they did not provide birthdates for them.  However, I do have some information courtesy of my LINDSEY ‘cousin.’  Using those clues as a ‘jumping off’ point, I can, I believe, make some assumptions as to which children may be living in his home during the census years.

2.  Marriage: Archi was married three times.  Two of the wives’ given names are known: Isabel and Hannah, however, their surnames are unknown.  And, the name of the third wife is currently unknown.  While I don’t know the order of marriages, I do now believe that Hannah was the 3rd and final wife.  I will address why I believe that to be true in a bit.

3.  F A N: Family, Associates and Neighbors.  My goal is to prove or disprove a direct relationship between my third Great Grandfather, Edwin G LINDSEY and Archi; to aid in that endeavor, the F A N method is proving helpful, as will be seen shortly.

US Federal census records record the following information on Archibald LINDSEY.

The 1790 U.S. Federal Census is the first documentation of Archi’s residence in New York state.  He and his family are living in Qeensbury, Washington County, New York.  The census records that there are two (free) white males under the age of 16; two (free) white males over 16; and four (free) white females. 

Using the clues I have, I believe the following to be in the 1790 household:  Archibald LINDSEY, born 1744; Kiliab LINDSEY, born 1786; Archi’s wife and 3 daughters are living in the home. (Which of Archi’s three wives is unknown, as are the names and ages of the three daughters). – 2 members of the household unknown.

When viewing the 1790 census image on ancestry.com I see the following families living in the ‘hood in close proximity to Archi and his family: 

  • Eliphat (Eliphalet) LINDSEY (Brother)
  • Isaac Buttolph (An associate’s family)
  • Thomas Orton (Neighbor – family member of future son-in-laws?)

 1790 CensusSource: New York,Washington County, 1790 U.S. Census, Population Schedule, Digital Images, ancestry.com.  http://www.ancetry.com : 2014

The 1800 U.S. Federal Census documents Archi’s residence as being in the town of Fairfield, Washington County, New York.  The census records that there are two free white males under 10; three free white males aged 10 – 15; one free white male aged 16 – 25; one free white male over 45 years of age; three white females under 10; one free white female aged 10 – 15; one free white female aged 16 – 25; one free white female aged 26 – 44. For a total of 13 persons living in the home.

Using the clues I have, I believe the following to be in the 1800 household:  Archibald LINDSEY, born 1744; Kiliab, born 1786; Margaret, born 1794; Benjamin, born 1794*; Nancy, born 1798;  (Which of Archi’s three wives is unknown, as are the names and ages of the three daughters). – 4 members of the household unknown.**
*There is some discussion / concern over the accuracy concerning the birth year of Benjamin and Margaret.  Unless. . . they were twins(?).  However, the source document that provided Benjamin’s date birth for the DAR 1953 application is an old book that was owned by Benjamin LINDSEY and presumably it was he, who wrote the information on the inside cover. 

More research required, but I am leaning toward Benjamin’s birthdate being ‘accurate’ as it is he, that most likely wrote the information on the inside cover of the book he owned.  And, there is also the  possibility is  that they were twins.

** The 1800 census was taken beginning 4 August 1800 for 9 months. 
Source: https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/United_States_Census_1800
Archi’s son, Edwin Galloway LINDSEY was born in 1800, month and date are unknown.  So, we are not sure IF he was enumerated in this census.’‘’

Note: The LINDSEY surname on the 1800 census is misspelled, it appears as ‘Lansy.’

When viewing the 1800 census image on ancestry.com, I see the following families living in the ‘hood in close proximity to Archi and his family.

  • Henry Loop (Neighbor - Son’s (Kiliab) future father-in-law)
  • Elijah (Elisha) Buttolph (Associate)

1800 Census - Henry Loop

1800 Census - Elijah Buttolph

Source: New York, Washington County, 1800 U.S. Census, Population Schedule, Digital Images, ancestry.com.  http://www.ancetry.com : 2014

The 1810 U.S. Federal Census documents Archi’s residence as being in the town of Luzerne, Washington County, New York.  The census records that there is one free white male under 10; one free white male aged 10 – 15; one free white male aged 16 – 25; one free white male aged 45+; one free white female under 10; three free white females aged 10 – 15; one free white female aged 16 – 25; and one free white female aged 45+.  Total number of persons living in the home 10.

Using the clues I have, I believe the following to be in the 1810 household:  Archibald LINDSEY, born 1744; Benjamin, born 1794; Margaret, born 1794 Nancy, born 1798; Edwin, born 1800; Isabel, born 1804; (Which of Archi’s three wives is unknown, as are the names and ages of the three daughters).

When viewing the 1810 census image on ancestry.com I see the following families living in the ‘hood in close proximity to Archi and his family: 

  • Eliphat (Eliphalet) LINDSEY (Brother)
  • Isaac Buttolph (An associate’s family)
  • Ebenezer Beebe (Neighbor son-in-law)*
  • Thomas Orton (Associate – family member of future son-in-law?)
  • Kiliab LINDSEY (Son and next-door neighbor)
  • Cyrus LINDSEY (brother)

*The 1953 DAR application records Archi’s daughter, Achseh, being married to a Mr. Ebenezer Beebe.  However, the “Lindsays of America” records that Edwin’s daugher, Achseh, was married to a Mr. Ebenezer Beebe.  I have done some research on this, which will be discussed at length in a separate post.

1810 Census - Elijah Buttolph ~ Thomas Orton

1810 Census - Kiliab Lindsey

1810 Census - Cyrus Lindsey

Source: New York, Washington County, 1810 U.S. Census, Population Schedule, Digital Images, ancestry.com.  http://www.ancetry.com : 2014

The 1820 U.S. Federal Census documents Archi’s residence as being in the town of Luzerne, Warren County, New York.  The census records that there is one free white male aged 10 – 15; one free white male aged 45+; one free white female under the age of 10; one free white female aged 16 – 25; and two free white females aged 45+. Total number of persons living in the home 6.

Using the clues I have, I believe the following to be in the 1820 household:  Archibald LINDSEY, born 1744; Hannah (maiden name unknown), Archi’s wife*; Isabel, born 1804;  – 3 members of the household unknown.

When viewing the 1820 census image on ancestry.com I see the following families living in the ‘hood in close proximity to Archi and his family:

  • Kiliab LINDSEY (Son and next-door neighbor)
  • Elijah Buttles (Associate)
  • Luke LINDSEY (Son)

1820 Census

1820 Census - Luke

Source: New York, Warren County, 1820 U.S. Census, Population Schedule, Digital Images, ancestry.com.  http://www.ancetry.com : 2014

A note about the towns and counties that Archi lived in between 1790 and 1820.  In 1792 the town of Lake Luzerne was set off from the town of Queensbury as the town of Fairfield and in 1808 the town changed its name to Luzerne.  In 1813 Warren County was split off from Washington County.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Luzerne,_New_York

Note:  While Wikipedia is not an authoritative source, it did provide me with an understanding of when and how towns and county boundaries were formed or changed.

In the process of researching and documenting where Archi and his family resided once they arrived in New York, I discovered secondary information to document the intervening years of 1814 and 1827 – 1829.

1814 - Hannah LINDSEY - Circumstantial Proof of Residence1. “The History of Saratoga County, New York, 1878” records that Hannah LINDSEY was one of the first members of the Congregational Church of Hadley and Luzerne.  The book records that the church was established in 1814 and that the church died out in 1852.  I have emailed the Corinth Town Clerk to inquire after church historical records – memberships, baptisms, marriages, and funerals – below is the reply I received.

“Hi Tracy,

Thank you for your inquiry. After looking through our files here it appears that we do not have any records from the Presbyterian Church in Corinth. I looked in our books about the history of Corinth here and none of them state what happened to the records when the church became inactive. You could contact Corinth Historian Rachel Clothier to see if she has any suggestions, her email address is clothierfarm@yahoo.com. Also, the current Presbyterian Church in Corinth may also be helpful in locating these records, their website with contact information can be found here: http://www.corinthfirstpres.org/

I plan to do as suggested and contact both the Corinth Historian and the Corinth Presbyterian Church.

2. Collaboration, as a tool, is an interactive way to research and document your ancestor; recently my genea pal, Char, sent me a Land Deed, which records Archi and his wife Hannah, as the first party listed.  Knowing that Archi died in 1836 and that this deed was entered into in 1827 and executed in 1829, I now know that Archi’s third wife was Hannah. (Thank you Char for the assist. Smile

We’ll delve more into the land deed and its contents in a future post.  Yes, yes, there are more dots, a lot more dots!  They need connecting . . . does this dot connect to . . . no, maybe not, maybe it connect to that dot?  Scratching my head . . . so many dots so many choices, so many rabbit holes . . . what’s a genealogist to do?

I will close with this interesting tidbit to ponder. . .

The complete documentation files for the approved DAR 1953 and 2006 applications and the 2012 supplemental application included an overview written by Elisha S. Loomis, Loomis Genealogy.  While going through the 1790 – 1820 U.S. Federal census records, I noted several Loomis families living in close proximity to Archibald and his family.  This leads me to ponder whether Mr. Elisha S Loomis might have had a first-hand knowledge of Archibald and the LINDSEY families?